OpenSSL Security Advisory
tomas at openssl.org
Tue May 30 13:48:19 UTC 2023
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OpenSSL Security Advisory [30th May 2023]
Possible DoS translating ASN.1 object identifiers (CVE-2023-2650)
Issue summary: Processing some specially crafted ASN.1 object identifiers or
data containing them may be very slow.
Impact summary: Applications that use OBJ_obj2txt() directly, or use any of
the OpenSSL subsystems OCSP, PKCS7/SMIME, CMS, CMP/CRMF or TS with no message
size limit may experience notable to very long delays when processing those
messages, which may lead to a Denial of Service.
An OBJECT IDENTIFIER is composed of a series of numbers - sub-identifiers -
most of which have no size limit. OBJ_obj2txt() may be used to translate
an ASN.1 OBJECT IDENTIFIER given in DER encoding form (using the OpenSSL
type ASN1_OBJECT) to its canonical numeric text form, which are the
sub-identifiers of the OBJECT IDENTIFIER in decimal form, separated by
When one of the sub-identifiers in the OBJECT IDENTIFIER is very large
(these are sizes that are seen as absurdly large, taking up tens or hundreds
of KiBs), the translation to a decimal number in text may take a very long
time. The time complexity is O(n^2) with 'n' being the size of the
sub-identifiers in bytes (*).
With OpenSSL 3.0, support to fetch cryptographic algorithms using names /
identifiers in string form was introduced. This includes using OBJECT
IDENTIFIERs in canonical numeric text form as identifiers for fetching
Such OBJECT IDENTIFIERs may be received through the ASN.1 structure
AlgorithmIdentifier, which is commonly used in multiple protocols to specify
what cryptographic algorithm should be used to sign or verify, encrypt or
decrypt, or digest passed data.
Applications that call OBJ_obj2txt() directly with untrusted data are
affected, with any version of OpenSSL. If the use is for the mere purpose
of display, the severity is considered low.
In OpenSSL 3.0 and newer, this affects the subsystems OCSP, PKCS7/SMIME,
CMS, CMP/CRMF or TS. It also impacts anything that processes X.509
certificates, including simple things like verifying its signature.
The impact on TLS is relatively low, because all versions of OpenSSL have a
100KiB limit on the peer's certificate chain. Additionally, this only
impacts clients, or servers that have explicitly enabled client
In OpenSSL 1.1.1 and 1.0.2, this only affects displaying diverse objects,
such as X.509 certificates. This is assumed to not happen in such a way
that it would cause a Denial of Service, so these versions are considered
not affected by this issue in such a way that it would be cause for concern,
and the severity is therefore considered low.
No version of the FIPS provider is affected by this issue.
OpenSSL 3.0.x and 3.1.x are vulnerable to this issue.
OpenSSL 1.1.1 and 1.0.2 users may be affected by this issue when calling
OpenSSL 3.0 users should upgrade to OpenSSL 3.0.9.
OpenSSL 3.1 users should upgrade to OpenSSL 3.1.1.
OpenSSL 1.1.1 users should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.1.1u.
OpenSSL 1.0.2 users should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.0.2zh (premium support
OSSfuzz first detected and automatically reported this issue on 16th January
2020. At that time OpenSSL 3.0 was still in early development and it was not
identified as a security concern at that time. On 23rd April 2023 the issue
was reexamined and identified as a security issue by Matt Caswell.
The fix was developed by Richard Levitte.
(*) A measurement showed about 2 seconds for 100KiB and a minute for 500KiB.
This measurement wasn't made to demonstrate exact time ranges, but rather to
demonstrate the quadratic nature of the issue.
General Advisory Notes
URL for this Security Advisory:
Note: the online version of the advisory may be updated with additional details
For details of OpenSSL severity classifications please see:
OpenSSL 1.1.1 will reach end-of-life on 2023-09-11. After that date security
fixes for 1.1.1 will only be available to premium support customers.
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