[openssl-users] Rejecting SHA-1 certificates

Viktor Dukhovni openssl-users at dukhovni.org
Mon Jul 10 16:52:26 UTC 2017

> On Jul 10, 2017, at 3:45 AM, Niklas Keller <me at kelunik.com> wrote:
> What's the best way / a working way to reject weak signature schemes in OpenSSL 1.0.{1,2}?

Most CAs have stopped issuing SHA-1 certificates.  Any old ones will expire over the
next year or two.  While Google has demonstrated a SHA-1 collision, that proof of
concept is far from a practical attack.

The simplest solution is to let the CAs solve the problem as SHA-1 certificates fade
out of the picture.  You can if you wish leave out from the set of trusted roots any
CAs that have not yet stopped issuing SHA-1 certificates.

You can of course implement a verify callback that inspects each certificate in the
chain, and triggers an error when its signature is SHA-1 and it is not the last one
in the chain.  This requires keeping some state attached to the X509 store context,
and I don't think is worth the effort.

See code involving "TLScontext_index" in:


With such a context, you can keep track of the maximum depth seen by the callback,
and reject SHA-1 at lower depths.  I do not recommend doing this.


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