Decryption slower in 1.1.1 branch?
openssl-users at dukhovni.org
Tue Jan 28 20:34:27 UTC 2020
On Tue, Jan 28, 2020 at 06:24:06PM +0000, Dan Heinz wrote:
> >RSA is not intended for bulk data decryption, its intended uses are
> >key transport and signing. Bulk data decryption is done via AES or
It sounds like you're directly encrypting data with RSA. That's a
mistake. RSA is for decrypting a symmetric algorithm key, that then
decrypts the data.
> >Are you sure that's seconds and not milliseconds? These are absurdly
> >long times, almost certainly dominated by factors other than the
> >encryption algorithms. On my 2015 laptop (MacOS) I get:
> Yes, it is seconds.
Sorry, 0.6 seconds for a single 1024-bit RSA_private_decrypt() (128
bytes of data) is not plausible, but you say you have just over 8KB of
data, which would take ~65 calls to RSA_private_decrypt() to decrypt
piecewise. It sure looks like you're measuring something other than
what you claim to be measuring, or not describing it accurately.
OpenSSL 1.1.1c-dev xx XXX xxxx
options:bn(64,64) rc4(16x,int) des(int) aes(partial) idea(int) blowfish(ptr)
compiler: cc -fPIC -arch x86_64 -g -O0 -Wall -DL_ENDIAN -DOPENSSL_PIC -DOPENSSL_CPUID_OBJ -DOPENSSL_IA32_SSE2 -DOPENSSL_BN_ASM_MONT -DOPENSSL_BN_ASM_MONT5 -DOPENSSL_BN_ASM_GF2m -DSHA1_ASM -DSHA256_ASM -DSHA512_ASM -DKECCAK1600_ASM -DRC4_ASM -DMD5_ASM -DAES_ASM -DVPAES_ASM -DBSAES_ASM -DGHASH_ASM -DECP_NISTZ256_ASM -DX25519_ASM -DPOLY1305_ASM -D_REENTRANT
sign verify sign/s verify/s
rsa 1024 bits 0.000135s 0.000013s 7414.8 78566.9
On my laptop RSA_private_decrypt (aka sign) takes 135 microseconds. You
claim 600 milliseconds for perhaps ~60 calls, which might be 10ms each,
but that still is about two orders of magnitude too slow.
So, sorry whatever you're measuring, it is not the performance of
> While I'm ok with the execution speed with OpenSSL 1.0.2, I'd like to
> figure out why the times doubled with OpenSSL 1.1.1.
Neither is a reasonable performance level, but also it is not reasonable
to use RSA for bulk data encryption.
> I'm logging times before and after the calls to RSA_private_decrypt.
How many calls? What else is happening to feed the data into the
decryption algorithm, and reassemble the output?
> With OpenSSL 1.0.2 it takes on average about 4-8 milliseconds for each
> RSA_private_decrypt call. With OpenSSL 1.1.1d, it takes 10-15
> milliseconds for each RSA_private_decrypt call.
Now we see that you're in fact chunking data for multiple calls to
"decrypt" via RSA. That's a fatal design flaw. This is not a valid
operating mode for RSA. You MUST NOT do this.
> >> I'm wondering if perhaps my build configuration is incorrect or
> >> missing something for the 1.1.1d build. Here are the configuration
> >> parameters for the 64-bit build:
You have a deeper problem, your use of RSA is broken.
> The data being decrypted is local on the client machine and is just an XML file.
> RSA key is 1024 bits.
> I'm using OAEP padding.
This is a mistake, for asymmetric encryption you should be using CMS.
> Thank you for the information. I removed it from the configuration
> parameters. I didn't really notice a difference in execution time
> though. I also removed the no-asm parameter, setup nasm, and rebuilt
> with no noticeable changes.
Likely the time is dominated by something other than the RSA operations,
but since those are mistake anyway, it hardly matters.
> > I logged things granular enough to see the speed difference was in
> > RSA_private_decrypt, but I'm not sure why it is so much slower with
> > 1.1.1d. Any help or ideas would be appreciated!
STOP. Fix your design to use CMS. Report any performance differences
in CMS between 1.0.2 and 1.1.1 when built correctly with asm support.
> >At 600ms for 8KB, it is not plausible that the time is spend doing
> >cryptography. That's barely fast enough to feed a 1980's modem.
> I would expect the execution times to be more in line with what I saw
> with Linux for both 1.0.2 and 1.1.1. But even so, I do not understand
> why just upgrading to 1.1.1 causes the RSA_private_decrypt calls to
> double in execution time from what they were with 1.0.2?
I would expect execution times that are 2 to 3 orders of magnitude
faster, especially if you were using sound cryptographic primitives.
More information about the openssl-users