[openssl-users] Cant get openssl x509 to work as documented
rgm at htt-consult.com
Tue Aug 22 01:02:33 UTC 2017
I had a frustrating day. I looked at the documentation at:
My Fedora24 reports that I am at version 1.0.2k
I made the following comand:
openssl x509 -req -days 3650 -extensions v3_intermediate_ca -inform $format\
-in $dir/csr/intermediate.csr.$format -outform $format -out
-CAkeyform $format -CAkey $cadir/private/ca.key.$format -CAform $format\
Where format=der and got that der is an invalid option. Plus the 'help'
Note that -CAkeyform is invalid and that -CAkey can only be PEM.
Even when I used my pem CA key, I still got errors. -config is not an
option, where does this command get the config file from? -extensions
says it looks to the config file for that label!
SHA256 is not listed as a valid hash.
usage: x509 args
-inform arg - input format - default PEM (one of DER, NET or PEM)
-outform arg - output format - default PEM (one of DER, NET or PEM)
-keyform arg - private key format - default PEM
-CAform arg - CA format - default PEM
-CAkeyform arg - CA key format - default PEM
-in arg - input file - default stdin
-out arg - output file - default stdout
-passin arg - private key password source
-serial - print serial number value
-subject_hash - print subject hash value
-subject_hash_old - print old-style (MD5) subject hash value
-issuer_hash - print issuer hash value
-issuer_hash_old - print old-style (MD5) issuer hash value
-hash - synonym for -subject_hash
-subject - print subject DN
-issuer - print issuer DN
-email - print email address(es)
-startdate - notBefore field
-enddate - notAfter field
-purpose - print out certificate purposes
-dates - both Before and After dates
-modulus - print the RSA key modulus
-pubkey - output the public key
-fingerprint - print the certificate fingerprint
-alias - output certificate alias
-noout - no certificate output
-ocspid - print OCSP hash values for the subject name and
-ocsp_uri - print OCSP Responder URL(s)
-trustout - output a "trusted" certificate
-clrtrust - clear all trusted purposes
-clrreject - clear all rejected purposes
-addtrust arg - trust certificate for a given purpose
-addreject arg - reject certificate for a given purpose
-setalias arg - set certificate alias
-days arg - How long till expiry of a signed certificate - def
-checkend arg - check whether the cert expires in the next arg seconds
exit 1 if so, 0 if not
-signkey arg - self sign cert with arg
-x509toreq - output a certification request object
-req - input is a certificate request, sign and output.
-CA arg - set the CA certificate, must be PEM format.
-CAkey arg - set the CA key, must be PEM format
missing, it is assumed to be in the CA file.
-CAcreateserial - create serial number file if it does not exist
-CAserial arg - serial file
-set_serial - serial number to use
-text - print the certificate in text form
-C - print out C code forms
-<dgst> - digest to use, see openssl dgst -h output for list
-extfile - configuration file with X509V3 extensions to add
-extensions - section from config file with X509V3 extensions to add
-clrext - delete extensions before signing and input certificate
-nameopt arg - various certificate name options
-engine e - use engine e, possibly a hardware device.
-certopt arg - various certificate text options
-checkhost host - check certificate matches "host"
-checkemail email - check certificate matches "email"
-checkip ipaddr - check certificate matches "ipaddr"
So it looks like for now, I cannot make a guide that easily supports DER
or PEM. DER really seems to be an issue how to make.
My searching has come up pretty empty. No instructions out there.
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