[openssl-users] Build from source; library not found?

Richard Levitte levitte at openssl.org
Wed May 17 13:39:36 UTC 2017

In message <20170517130805.7600D400B7 at smtp03.mail.de> on Wed, 17 May 2017 15:08:05 +0200, Hiran Chaudhuri <hiran.chaudhuri at mail.de> said:

hiran.chaudhuri> Hi there.
hiran.chaudhuri> I have been building Openssl for quite some time now. Just recently I
hiran.chaudhuri> switched to shared mode that will also create shared libraries.
hiran.chaudhuri> What I am wondering about: After configure/make/make install I find
hiran.chaudhuri> the expected libraries in the desired output directory. Why can ldd
hiran.chaudhuri> not resolve a librarie's dependencies? The target file is just in the
hiran.chaudhuri> same directory!
hiran.chaudhuri> user at server:/prefix/openssl/lib> ls
hiran.chaudhuri> engines libcrypto.a libcrypto.so libcrypto.so.1.0.0 libssl.a libssl.so
hiran.chaudhuri> libssl.so.1.0.0 pkgconfig
hiran.chaudhuri> user at server:/prefix/openssl/lib> ldd libssl.so.1.0.0
hiran.chaudhuri> linux-vdso.so.1 => (0x00007ffdae1fb000)
hiran.chaudhuri> libcrypto.so.1.0.0 => not found
hiran.chaudhuri> libdl.so.2 => /lib64/libdl.so.2 (0x00007f8173425000)
hiran.chaudhuri> libc.so.6 => /lib64/libc.so.6 (0x00007f81730a9000)
hiran.chaudhuri> /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x00007f81738ad000)
hiran.chaudhuri> user at server:/prefix/openssl/lib>
hiran.chaudhuri> Is this normal behaviour? Or is it because I entered a prefix that is
hiran.chaudhuri> not part of the system's default lib path?

That last question is the correct guess.  /etc/ld.so.conf will tell
you what your default paths are (and if it includes other files, so
will they).

The are two ways to handle this.  One is with the usual setting of

    $ LD_LIBRARY_PATH=`pwd` ldd libssl.so.1.0.0

The other is, when you compile your application, to use

Incidently, I think that when you do this, you'll find that it finds
your libraries all right:

    $ ldd /prefix/openssl/bin/openssl

The reason is that the application has been built with said -rpath

A last note: with OpenSSL 1.1.0 and on, rpath isn't automatically
applied to the openssl application, but is a matter of extra
configuration arguments.


Richard Levitte         levitte at openssl.org
OpenSSL Project         http://www.openssl.org/~levitte/

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